Author Archive: kafesk

2nd Sunday in Ordinary Time, Cycle C

1st Reading – Isaiah 62: 1-5

This passage comes from the latter portion of the book of the prophet Isaiah, often referred to as Trito-Isaiah or Third Isaiah because it is believed to have been written by a different author than chapters 1-39 and chapters 40-55.  No longer are the people exiled in a foreign land.  They have returned home to Jerusalem  (Workbook for Lectors, p. 49).  This is a song!  God rejoices over the restoration of Jerusalem, his people.  When in exile, there was influence of other gods and sinful ways.  Now that many of His people have returned, all things shall be made new again!  How does this speak to you in your life?  What outside influences challenge you in your relationship with God?  Have you ever had a time when, in spite of these challenges, you could not be silenced?  God delights in you!  Sometimes it is hard to wrap our heads around a love this big…

2nd Reading – 1 Corinthians 12:4-11

From Mary Birmingham, W&W Workbook for Year C, p. 343:

Written about 52-53AD, this letter is one of the earliest pieces of Christian writing.  Paul had preached and ministered in Corinth for about 18 months.  Corinth was a Greek city filled with diversity and harsh divisions:  the very wealthy, the very poor and slaves – a cauldron of religious philosophies, doctrines and intellectual pursuits  (not unlike today!).  This community was under great pressure in such an environment.  Paul’s concern was with those who were emphasizing ‘spiritual gifts’ such as ‘praying in tongues’ with a great deal of self-righteous zeal.  Paul was insisting that true spiritual gifts were given for the benefit of the WHOLE community –not for personal advancement and ‘showing off.’  Can you relate to this?  What are your gifts and how do you share them?

From Introducing the Practice of Ministry by K. Cahalan (p. 24-28)

Richard Fragomeni says we “live in a baptismal mode,” we are always being baptized into the dynamic movement between death and life, sin and reconciliation, evil and justice, the old and the new.  By living in baptismal mode, we hope to discern what our calling is in this life, our vocation.  How do we live this way?

  1. How you live  (how you spend your days, what are your commitments)
  2. What you do (in what ways do you serve God and your community)
  3. Who you are (what is your sense of self in the context of your relationships and life)

The Gospel – John 2: 1-11

From Workbook for Lectors, p. 51:  At the wedding feast at Cana, we see the 1st of 7 signs in the Gospel according to John.  There is no other parallel in the synoptic accounts.  This sign, turning water into ’good wine’, has obvious connections to the sacrificial meal of abundant feeding we know as the Eucharist.  Notice that Jesus does not do anything that causes the water to change into wine; rather, his words coupled with the obedient actions of the servers yield the amazing transformation.

There is an invitation to a feast.  Words are said.  Jesus’ action turns water into wine.  The choice wine is given out. The disciples take the next step on their faith journey.  This is what we practice every Sunday!

From Preaching Resources, Jan 2001 & 2007:  The 6 large water jugs were used for purification rites – these were ritual ablutions required before and after meals.  They held about 120 gallons. By turning this specific water into an almost embarrassing abundance of choice wine, John’s gospel is declaring the messianic era of salvation has indeed come in Jesus.  This old way of purification is to be replaced with a faith relationship with Jesus – baptism and following Jesus’ teachings – becoming disciples –‘doing whatever he tells you’ – is the true way to the fullness of life, the salvation that God offers us in Christ.  Mary, the model disciple, will not be seen again in this gospel until we find her under the cross – the time and place of Jesus’ full revelation and glory.

From Wm. Barclay, The Gospel of John, Vol 1, p. 105:  When John told this story he was remembering what life with Jesus was like; and he said, “Wherever Jesus went and whenever he came into life it was like water turning into wine.”  This story is John saying to us“If you want the new exhilaration, become a follower of Jesus Christ, and there will come a change in your life which will be like water turning into wine.”  


The Way of the Magi

Fr. Bob’s Epiphany homily…


Epiphany 2018
God used to be in our way all the time. You could not avoid God in your daily life. It was certainly true in Jesus’ time. Every moment was shaped by the law of God: what utensils you used, what food you ate and with whom you ate it, even how and when you bathed were signs of your relationship with God. And so it was throughout the centuries. I can imagine my grandmother’s hometown in Italy where the church bells were a summons and the church stood in the middle of town for it was the middle of life. When these churches and our school was built in the fifties, it was more than just a place to worship; it was where dances were held, where you met your friends – a second home. Even in my childhood, there was no competition on Sunday mornings. Everything was…

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Questioning Faith

Fr. Bob’s homily for the Feast of the Holy Family…


Holy Family C
Jesus is twelve in this story. The finding of Jesus in the Temple is the only tale we have of Jesus between the infancy narratives and the beginning of his public career. And he is such a twelve year old, isn’t he? When his distraught parents finally find him among the rabbis in the Temple precincts, he tells them, “Why were you looking for me? Did you not know that I must be in my Father’s house?” I think someday an ancient text will be found that actually discovers he said, “Mom and Dad you are embarrassing me. Did you not know that I must be in my Father’s house?” This is not sin as frustrating as it must have been. He is trying to grow into his faith, into that particular relationship he had with his Father.
But he not only sounds like one, Jesus is…

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The Baptism of the Lord, Cycle C

1st Reading:  Isaiah 40:1-5, 9-11

This reading from second Isaiah announces the end of the Babylonian exile and the return of the Israelites to their homeland.  Those out in the desert are being called back (Faley, Footprints on the Mountain, p. 21).  God makes it very clear that he wants every obstacle between God and God’s people to be taken away so that nothing keeps us apart.  God wants to be fully in relationship with us.  God wants to be with us in our journey, as hard as it may be.  The path is paved with love.  Richard Rohr says… Only when we are eager to love can we see love and goodness in the world around us. We must ourselves remain in peace, and then we will find peace over there. Remain in beauty, and we will honor beauty everywhere.  How does this challenge you?

This reading can be a difficult one, because many of us still have mountains and valleys despite our prayers to level them.  Perhaps Gerald May can help us in his writing on coping, “I have come to hate that word, because to cope with something you have to separate yourself from it.  You make it your antagonist, your enemy.  Like management, coping is a taming word, sometimes even a warfare word.  Wild, untamed emotions are full of life-sprit, vibrant with the energy of being.  They don’t have to be acted out, but neither do they need to be tamed.  They are part of our inner wilderness; they can be just what they are.  God save me from coping.  God, help me join, not separate.  Help me be with and in, not apart from.  Show me the way to savoring, not controlling.  Dear God, hear my prayer:  make me forever copeless,” (The Wisdom of Wilderness, p. xiii – xiv).  This is a new insight!  Maybe the mountains and valleys are still there but feel leveled because God accompanies us.  What do you think?

2nd Reading:  Titus 2:11-14; 3:4-7

Titus is considered one of the pastoral letters of Paul (along with 1 & 2 Timothy) because it is addressed to an individual who is overseeing a congregation.  Many interpreters think this letter is pseudepigraphical, or written in the likeness of Paul rather than by Paul himself.  Or perhaps some of the letter was written by Paul but then expanded upon by an admirer.  They think this for several reasons:  1) language and style are not typical of Paul 2) certain ideas and teaching are different from what Paul expresses elsewhere 3) church government seems too developed for Paul’s lifetime 4) how Paul deals with false teaching is not characteristic of him 5) some of the events mentioned in this letter do not line up with other key information we know about Paul’s life and ministry elsewhere.  Titus is mentioned in Galatians and 2 Corinthians, and he was one of the first Gentiles to be attracted to the Christian faith  (Gal 2:1-3; 2 Cor 7:6-8, 13-15).  (Introducing the New Testament, p. 400-404).  Regardless, there are important truths inspired by God that we are to learn.

In Jesus we get to see God’s power and mercy in action in our history at close range.  And we need God close, because salvation that is far away can be hard to believe in.  We suffer the ache of the particular, being born with this nose, these parents, this ethnicity and address, and no other.  We’ve got to make do with certain talents and limitations.  We’re stuck with the present generation, and can never return to the past nor fast-forward to the age to come.  Hunkered down in time and place can be a terrible poverty when it comes to opportunity.  And Jesus reveals to us that God is willing to share our poverty in order to save us from it.   No other proof would do but to be here.  What are some of the particulars of your life that are especially difficult?  How does the revelation of Jesus speak to those?  (Exploring the Sunday Readings, Jan. 2004)

 Gospel:  Luke 3:15-16, 21-22

We might wonder why it was necessary for Jesus to receive baptism.  We know that John certainly considered himself unworthy to perform the act, but Jesus insisted that he be baptized along with the rest of the people on the banks of the Jordan River.  Through this baptism Jesus was able to link his ministry with John’s proclamation.  Jesus is no longer just the carpenter’s son in Nazareth  (The Word into Life, cycle C, p.22)

This is a moment of Trinity.  Jesus being baptized with the Holy Spirit descending and the Father speaking His words of love…all come together to transform this moment of baptism as sacred.

What kind of human experience was this in which Jesus hears a voice from heaven speaking to him?  Scholars note that it is an experience in an altered state of consciousness or an experience of alternate reality.  On average, 90% of the world’s cultures regularly have such experiences and find them useful and meaningful in their cultural context  (Pilch, The Cultural World of Jesus, cycle C, p. 20).

It is interesting to note that right after this section of Luke is a genealogy of Jesus.  Right after the Father proclaims that Jesus is His Son, this genealogy cites one “son of” after another until it ends as Jesus being identified as son of Adam, son of God  (Pilch, 20).

All of this speaks to the heart.  “God looking into the dripping face of Jesus and seeing the whole big picture of creation and life and heavenly hosts and the throne of heaven.  God looking at Jesus and seeing it all – glory and honor and power and might.  God watching as Jesus came up from his knees and seeing justice and kindness and compassion breaking forth like the dawn.  God seeing in Jesus the very plan of salvation radiant in its entire splendor.  God wrapping the soaking wet Jesus in the warmth of the Holy Spirit, knowing that the magnificence of God’s own mercy is shining back at that moment, glistening in the water of baptism,”  (Hungry, and You Fed Me, Rev. Dr. David A. Davis, p. 45).  What speaks to you?

The Feast if the Incarnation

Fr. Bob’s Christmas homily…


Christmas 2018
Eleven months ago I was in Bethlehem at the Church of the Nativity. The main entrance to the church is famously the “Door of Humility.” Originally built to keep camels and other large animals from wandering into the sacred space, it has been rebranded to remind us that in this place the very word of God took flesh and became small and vulnerable. The door is about four feet high and about two feet wide and I am both taller and wider. I was fearful the door of humility might be for me the door of humiliation. However, I contorted my way and entered the church that honors the birth of Jesus.
There were many small doors throughout the church I had to duck under. It is as if those seventh century Byzantines were not building a church for a large 21st century American. Eventually, we wended our…

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The Epiphany of the Lord

1st Reading:  Isaiah 60:  1 – 6

From Breaking Open the Word of God, Cycle C, p. 39-40:

Recall experiences in your life in which you came from darkness to light.  This could be physical darkness and light, but it would be better to use experiences of coming from darkness to insight.  What was the new insight or revelation that came upon you?  Was it a delightful or painful experience?  Who or what caused this insight or revelation to happen?  How was your life changed because of it?  Did you grow in any virtues because of it, like understanding, patience, gentleness, peace, love, etc?  With whom did you first share this revelation?  What was his or her reaction?  Would you want to go back to your former way?

From R. Faley’s Footprints on the Mountain, p. 85-86:

This proclamation of Israel’s universal mission is bathed in light, radiance, and splendor, with a poetry strikingly similar to that of Second Isaiah.  As the clouds of darkness are dispelled, they are supplanted by God’s glory shining upon Jerusalem.  Early indication is given that Israel is to have an influence on other nations.  The initial glimpse that Israel receives is that of her own people returning.  Yet this is only the prelude to a more impressive spectacle.  The image is one of opulence and abundance, with the riches of distant lands being brought to Jerusalem.  The gifts offered all look to the reconstruction of Jerusalem; they arrive by land and sea. How does this speak to you?  Does it make you think of how your own gifts impact others?  How does this passage speak of the Kingdom of God?

2nd Reading:  Ephesians 3:  2 – 3a, 5 – 6

Continuing with R. Faley, p. 86-87:

Paul is presented as speaking to the part he played in the plan of God’s grace.  “Mystery” is an important word in Paul; the reference is to the ultimate salvific plan of God, concealed from ages past and revealed only in the fullness of time.  This previously hidden plan is now made known to the holy apostles and prophets.  As foundational to the church, their importance as recipients of revelation is of paramount importance.  The revealed secret is the total equality of Gentiles with the Jews in the saving plan of God.  The Greek text emphasizes this equality with the prefix syn (with) attached to heirs, body members, and partners.  Once made members of the body in the Holy Spirit, the elect becomes heirs of the reign.  The use of the three compound nouns underscores the note of non-distinction and the elimination of all separating barriers.

Paul’s revelation (or epiphany) is that we are ALL coheirs, copartners in the body of Christ.  This has multiple levels of meaning for us today.  Explore within yourself what this means for you, with your family, your parish, your community, your country, all people…

Gospel Reading:  Matthew 2:  1 – 12

Epiphany comes from the Greek, epiphaneia, meaning manifestation, striking appearance or come suddenly into view.  It is when we celebrate the Three Kings, who are gentiles, coming to worship the Christ child as Lord.  But how does Christ manifest himself in your life?

After contemplating the staggering fact that God has become a human child, we turn to look at this mystery from the opposite angle and realize that this seemingly helpless Child is, in fact, the omnipotent God, the King and Ruler of the universe. The feast of Christ’s divinity completes the feast of His humanity. It fulfills all our Advent longing for the King “who is come with great power and majesty.” We see that whereas Christmas is the family feast of Christianity, Epiphany is the great “world feast of the Catholic Church.”  At Christmas the Light shone forth, but dimly, seen only by a few around the crib: Mary and Joseph and the shepherds. But at Epiphany the Light bursts forth to all nations and the prophecy is fulfilled. Epiphany demands that like these kings we should return to our own countries a different way, carrying to all those we meet the light of Christ, (Chaney,

From Ronald Rolheiser:  To bless another person is to give away some of one’s own life so that the other might be more resourced for his or her journey. Good parents do that for their children. Good teachers do that for their students, good mentors do that for their protégés, good pastors do that for their parishioners, good politicians do that for their countries, and good elders do that for the young. They give away some of their own lives to resource the other. The wise men did that for Jesus.

How do we react when a young star’s rising begins to eclipse our own light?

More questions to ponder from Breaking Open the Word of God, Cycle C, p. 40:

What is the connection between your story and the biblical story?  Do you believe that, for some people, God’s revelation can be very threatening and painful while others are filled with delight?  How will you be open to God’s revelation as it happens to you in your daily life and in the Church?

Love Dispels Fear By Kris Rooney

There is something special about each of our church buildings.  One of the special somethings about our Union Street church is the stained glass.  These windows of primarily saints surround us in our worship and remind us we are never alone.  Did you know that Joan of Arc had visions from saints that were in the windows of her childhood church?

I haven’t had any visions, but I did have a moving experience yesterday.  I was sitting in the Union Street chapel, staring at Our Lady of Sorrows.  I didn’t take a picture, but here is a depiction of her:

She is located in the front of the church along with St. Helena and St. Agnes.  She is Mary holding seven swords because she had seven sorrows.  Simeon had prophesied that, “Behold, this Child is appointed for the fall and rise of many in Israel, and for a sign to be opposed— and a sword will pierce even your own soul—to the end that thoughts from many hearts may be revealed,”  (Luke 2:  34-35). 

I’ve been captured by this window all year, because she holds the swords so tightly to herself.  I tend to hold my sorrows tightly too.  I know I need to hold them out to the Lord so we can bear them together, but I forget and think I can somehow handle them on my own  (never works).  Because Mary often pondered things in her heart, I wonder if she struggled with holding out her sorrows too.  I mean, she’s Mary so probably not – but in my imagination, I like to think she knows what I’m talking about at least.  

So I’m staring at this window and feeling solidarity with Our Lady of Sorrows, when the lights on the Christmas tree up there turned on!  I think they are set on a timer so they will be on for daily Mass.  The timing was impeccable.  It completely turned my thinking.  Here was Mary holding tightly to her sorrows, and light came in to shine on her.  This soft, gentle light was like a reminder that she (me, all of us) doesn’t have to stay in the dark with her worries.  God shines God’s light in all the dark places where fear tends to creep in.  The love of this light dispels fear.  The sorrows may remain, but the light accompanies.  “The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it,”  (John 1:  5).

So I share this with you, the church, because I would LOVE to hear if these windows, our saints of Union Street, have ever caused reflection for you.  We would love to be enriched by your stories!

Fall a Little More in Love

Fr. Bob’s 3rd Sunday of Advent homily…


3rd Sunday of Advent C

When a prophet is around, you should ask them questions. They have a way of looking into the future.  Not in a “are the Giants going to cover the spread?” kind of future, but they have such an intimate knowledge of God, they can see where things are going.  They have the ability to note God’s presence, and perhaps more importantly, where God is lacking.  So if you are blessed enough to be around a prophet, ask the most important question, “What should we do?”

It is asked by those who stream to the Judean desert to ask John for baptism.  He tells them, “Whoever has two cloaks should share with the person who has none.  And whoever has food should do likewise.”  To tax collectors, Jews collecting for the Roman Empire and notorious for their greed, he demands, “Stop collecting more than what…

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Jesus’ Birth Stories: Matthew 1 & 2; Luke 1 & 2

Both writers differ in their details, but their central religious message

about the meaning of Jesus is often remarkably similar.

The Birth of Jesus, according to the Gospel of Luke 2:1-20+

Jesus is born as one of the poor: Good News!  Emmanuel: God-is-with-us!

Luke’s story emphasizes that:

  • God is utterly faithful.
  • God upsets human expectations.
  • God is found in the most ‘unlikely’ places: in humble, faithful servants, in the needy and oppressed, in the poor and ignored, in the rough and ‘uncultured.’
  • God delights not in suffering, but in life
  • God cares for and honors the poor.
  • The ordinary can be filled with God’s glory and power.
  • As followers of Christ we should value cooperation, mutual support, faith-sharing, rather than competitive status and power-seeking.
  • We are called to prayerful contemplation of the mystery of God’s loveand to humble service.

The people in Luke’s story:

Zechariah                    Elizabeth                     John                 Mary    Joseph Angels Shepherds                                           Simeon            Anna

How do these people further the meaning to Luke’s story?  What else do you find in this story?

From Celebration Dec. 2004:

On keeping Christmas all year long: believe and live as if love is the strongest thing in the world – stronger than hate, stronger than fear, stronger than death.  “God-with-us” – God’s power and love is forever involved with all that is human.

Karl Rahner says that “when we say that God is the Lord and goal of humankind, that without God there is no meaning to our lives, that God is our helper and savior” . . . then we shall know what it means that God-is-with-us.

The Birth of Jesus, according to the Gospel of Matthew 1:18-16+

Jesus is a Light to the Nations.

Matthew’s story emphasizes that Jesus is:

  • sent by God and fulfills the Jewish OT prophecies.
  • rejected by the powerful, the greedy.
  • welcomed by the humble, the just, the wise.
  • recognized by people from all nations.

The people in Matthew’s story:

Joseph Mary                Angel

3 seekers from the East                       King Herod

Chief priests and teachers or scribes of the Law

What meaning do you find in their reactions to Jesus?  What meaning do you find in these symbols?

The Star           Frankincense   Myrrh  Gold

*How do both stories ‘prefigure’ the story of Jesus’ life and death?

What similar meanings do we find in both stories?

What differences do you notice?

An unknown poet wrote:

“When the song of the angels is stilled, when the star in the sky is gone, when the kings and princes are home, when the shepherds are back with their flock, the work of Christmas begins:

to find the lost, to heal the broken, to feed the hungry, to release the prisoner, to rebuild the nations, to bring peace among brothers, to make music in the heart.”

*from “Birth of Jesus” The Catholic Vision, by Mark Link

Lower your mountain

Fr. Bob’s 2nd Sunday of Advent homily…


2nd Sunday of Advent C
Prepare the way of the Lord. Nothing sums up Advent more than those words. As John the Baptist prepared the way for the coming of Christ, we too are called to prepare the way for Christ coming into our lives. But for John and for us, it is not as easy as we would think. Evidently, there are obstacles in the way – the high mountains and deep valleys, the winding roads and the rough ways.

Why is it hard for the Lord to come to us?  I have a theory. It is not God’s fault. Actually, not being God’s fault is a theological foundation for me. The whole history of God proves it. God created the world that we might be in relationship with the divine. God gave us beautiful things so that God might be known. And in an ultimate way, perfectly, God…

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